ஞாயிறு, செப்டம்பர் 09, 2012

Father of White Revolution Verghese Kurien dies at 90




AMUL and Operation flood father V. Kurian Dies at 90

Year 1970:Kozhikode-born Verghese Kurien, sparked off a revolution which would make India one of the largest producer of milk and milk products in the world. Kurien is credited with architecting Operation Flood or the White Revolution. Yet another achievement in India's industrial history.
The father of India's 'white revolution' Dr Verghese Kurien passed away early this morning at Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital in neighbouring Nadiad town due to age-related problems, Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) sources said.
He was 90 years old and is
survived by wife and daughter. Kurien, who took India from being a milk-deficient country to the world's largest milk producer, is recognized as the father of white revolution and the man who started 'operation flood', besides making the Amul dairy brand a household name.
"Kurien died a natural death due to his age," GCMMF MD said. Kurien's body will be kept at Anand for public to pay tribute.
Kurien was 28 when he came to Anand, Gujarat in 1949, and was soon working hard to help a budding cooperative to grow. For him the dairy farmers were the rightful owners of the milk business.
Kurien revolutionised the milk industry when he produced milk powder from buffalo milk. The rest of the world used cow milk to make milk powder.
Born in Calicut, Kerala on November 26, 1921 he graduated from Loyola college of Madras and did his BE from university of Madras. He then went to US on a government scholarship to earn his Masters of Science in Mechanical Engineering from Michigan university.
After his return, he joined Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers Union Limited in 1949 which was formed at the initiative of Sardar Vallabhabhai Patel who asked Kurien to help set up a dairy processing plant from where journey of Amul and Kurian began.
The Amul pattern of co-operative became a success and it was replicated throughout Gujarat. The different dairy unions were later brought under the banner of Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation.
Kurien is also credited to be the first one to produce powder from buffalo milk, when elsewhere in the world, cow milk was used to produce milk powder.
Impressed by the success of Amul, then prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri established National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) to replicate Amul model across the country and Kurien was made its chairman.
NDDB launched operation flood in 1970, turning India into the largest milk producer in the world. He served as chairman of NDDB for 33 years from 1965 to 1998.
Today over 10 million farmers under NDDB, provide over 20 million litres of milk a day to 200 dairy cooperatives across the country.
For his contribution to the dairy industry, Dr Kurien has received top awards not only in India but also overseas.
1963 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership
1965 Padma Shri
1966 Padma Bhushan (from president Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan)
1986 Krishi Ratna Award (by the President of India)
1986 Wateler Peace Prize Award (of Carnegie Foundation )
1989 World Food Prize Laureate
1993 International Person of the Year (by the World Dairy Expo , Madison, Wisconsin, USA)
1999 Padma Vibhushan
(With PTI inputs)

The brain behind Amul Dairy brand  Kurian dies to day due to old age.  He was of 90 years.    He was known as V. Kurian.
 Varghese Kurian  celebrated his 90th Birthday on lst 26th November. That day hundred of 
visitors came to his Anand house to wish him good health and long life.That day in his 
message he said ...My Message is to carry out the movement...Born in Calicut, Kerala on 
26th November 1921, he graduated from Loyola college in Madras . He Gets Master of 
science from Michigan University in USA. After is written from USA he joined Kaira 
District cooperative  milk producer union in 1949 whcich was formed at the initiative of 
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. That time AMUL born . And that way white revolution came to 
Gujarat. Other dairy union also joined with Kurian idea of AMUL. They are first to powder 
 from Bufallo milk. 

 That time impressed Prime Minister Lalbahadur Shashtri established National Dairy 
Development Board i.e how AMUL reach to all India. NDDB lunched Operation Flood  in 
1970, making India largest milk producer in the world.
To day 10 Million Farmer under NDDB. 
Main intresting story is that AMUL boss him self don't drink milk. He said that I do not drink Milk as I don't like it...
His Body will be kept aat Anand for public to pay tribute

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